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BACKGROUND Medical education, research, and healthcare practice continue to grow with minimal co-production guidance. We suggest the Commons approach to medical education as modeled by Ostrom and Williamson where we share how adapting these models to multiple settings can enhance empathy, increase psychological safety and provide robust just-in-time learning tools for practice. We show learning examples across age groups and cultures. OBJECTIVE To describe patient and public co-production in diverse areas within health care using the Commons philosophy across populations, cultures, and generations. METHODS We present an exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods participatory action manuscript. We adopted an Everyone Included perspective and sought to identify its use in continuing medical education, citizen science, marginalized groups, publishing, and student internships. RESULTS Overall, we outline co-production at the point of need, and we report on strategies that improved engagement. CONCLUSIONS This work demonstrates co-production with the public across multiple settings and cultures, showing that even with minimal resources and experience, this partnership can improve medical education and care. CLINICALTRIAL Not a Trial

Original publication




Journal article


JMIR Publications Inc.

Publication Date